What is Northwestern Scholars?
Who can access Northwestern Scholars?
Who has profiles in Northwestern Scholars?
The following people at Northwestern University are included:
- All Tenured and Tenure-Line Faculty
- All Research Faculty
- Instructional and Clinical Faculty (excluding Health System Clinicians or Coterminous Faculty)
- All Emeritus Faculty who have ever been included in Northwestern Scholars
- Contributed Services Faculty with active or past grants
- Librarian Faculty identified by the library for inclusion
- Institutional Collaborators
- Select staff who have had grants with key roles and/or publications, determined on a case by case basis
For definitions of any of the groups above, please refer to the myHR Manual.
What content is included?
Data for researchers profiled in Northwestern Scholars include:
- Overall profile information (e.g., a person's positions, education, contact information, research interest descriptions and keywords)
- H-indices: 5-index, h10-index and h-index are calculated based on the publications included in Scholars from the last 5, 10 and all years respectively, and their citations from Scopus.
- Research/scholarly output of many types (e.g., publications, digital and visual works, plays, exhibitions, patents administered through Northwestern, other)
- Publication citation data from the abstracting and citation database Scopus
- "Altmetrics" also known as alternative metrics (e.g., mentions in social media and news reports, by bloggers and readers on open web sources like Mendeley, and more) provided by PlumX and Altmetric on publications imported from Scopus
- Project/grant awards administered through Northwestern, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab, or Lurie Children's Hospital that may be publicly displayed
- Published research data (e.g., datasets, images, software code) that was collected, observed, generated, or created to validate original research findings. This content is listed under “Datasets”.
- System-generated Fingerprint research "concepts"
- Collaboration networks visualization and drill-downs
- Organizational unit profiles
- Descriptions of Research Core Facilities
What is the source of the content?
Where possible, data from authoritative sources automatically populate the system and faculty profiles. Primary sources include:
- Northwestern's HR system for faculty appointment data
- Northwestern's, Shirley Ryan AbilityLab's and Lurie Children's Hospital's grants tracking systems for grant award data that may be publicly displayed
- Scopus and other import sources (e.g., PubMed, Web of Science) for publication data
- Data Monitor, for published research data
- Northwestern's patent tracking database
- For faculty except those in the medical school, manually added data from CVs provided by schools and faculty where reliable data import sources are not available (e.g., education, research interests, keywords, and research output when not available from import sources)
- For medical school faculty, Feinberg School of Medicine's faculty information database for education, training/certifications, research interests, research keywords, and manually added publications (temporarily on hold due to medical school system development)
How frequently is content updated?
Updates to content in Northwestern Scholars occur as follows:
- Appointments and Graduate Program affiliations: weekly
- URIC memberships: as requested by URICA
- H-indices: daily
- Organizations: weekly
- Research Output:
- Publications automatically imported from Elsevier's Scopus database: weekly
- Research output imported from other sources or manually entered: as needed
- Citation data imported from Scopus: weekly
- Altmetrics (from PlumX and Altmetric) for publications imported from Scopus: real time
- Patents administered through Northwestern: updates temporarily on hold
- Grant awards:
- Northwestern InfoEd data: weekly
- Lurie Children's Hospital and Shirley Ryan AbilityLab: one to two times per year
- Research data from Data Monitor: weekly
- Manually added information (e.g., education, research interests, research keywords):
- Feinberg School of Medicine faculty: temporarily on hold due to medical school system development
- All other faculty: as needed
- Fingerprinting/research concepts (see description below): daily
- Core Facilities descriptions: monthly
What is Data Monitor?
Data Monitor, a product from Elsevier, collects and cleanses research data (e.g., datasets, images, data tables) from over 2,000 domain-specific and generalist repositories, by:
- Harvesting metadata from 2,000+ repositories
- Normalizing the metadata (following the OpenAIRE schema)
- Cleaning-up the metadata (i.e., removing duplicates, dead-links and non-research data)
- Enriching metadata with publications (DOI), author (Scopus Author ID, ORCID), institution (SciVal and Scopus affiliation IDs), funders (Crossref Funder Registry IDs), grants (original grant ID) when this metadata is missing or incomplete.
As an Elsevier product, it integrates with Pure, the platform powering Northwestern Scholars. This integration allows us to automatically link the research data record to the profiled author/creator and any associated publications.
What software is used?
What is Fingerprinting?
What is h-index?
The h-index is an author-level, citation-based metric, proposed by J.E. Hirsch in 2005,”as a useful index to characterize the scientific output of a researcher”.
By definition, an author’s h-index is the largest number h such that h publications have at least h citations each. For example, if an author has six publications, with 9, 7, 6, 4, 2, and 1 citations, the author's h-index is 4, because the author has 4 publications with 4 or more citations. In addition to the h-index (all years), h10-index and h5-index, based on data from the last 10 and 5 years respectively, can be calculated as well.
This metric is commonly used to measure the productivity and impact of researchers. Whether a specific researcher’s h-index is considered strong or not depends on their field of study and how long they have been active. Therefore, this metric should be looked at in the context of the h-indices of comparable researchers in the same field of study.
Note the h-indices shown in an Expert’s profile page are calculated based on the number of publications included in Northwestern Scholars and the citations captured by Scopus.
Who should I contact with questions, updates, or concerns?
What is the methodology for inclusion of faculty members, departments, research output, and grants that appear when clicking on the banner located on the Northwestern Scholars homepage?
This banner links to a pre-populated search for several key terms related to the subject matter (the full list of terms can be viewed in the search box on the top of the page).
- Faculty (called Experts in Scholars) or Departments (called Organizations in Scholars) appear if their profile or Pure Fingerprints contain one or more of the terms.
- Research Output or Grants appear if their title, abstract/summary, or keywords contain one or more of the terms.